Things to know about syllables
Many teachers, tutors, parents and students are unaware or unsure of the rules of syllabication, but knowing those rules and some tips and tricks to help students identify the sounds within words is very important for students with specific learning difficulties. Below is a chart that was published in our SPELD SA SPRING 2010 newsletter that you may find useful.
|Things to know about syllables Every syllable has at least one vowel
|There are seven types of syllables, six that fit a pattern and an extra group that is differentType 1 the open syllable (o)
Type 2 closed syllable (c)
Type 3 the magic e syllable (vce) – vowel-consonant-e
Type 4 consonant+le syllables (c-le)
Type 5 syllable
The diphthong (dippy) syllable when two vowels or a vowel and a consonant make one sound (dip)
Wait snow Au/gust main/tain de/stroy/ing
Type 6 syllable the vowel-r syllable (rc)
This has combinations of ar er ir or ur
A vowel combined with r when the vowel always comes first.
Ho/garth ford bird de/ter/mine
The type 7 syllable is the suffix syllable
These are usually final, unaccented syllables with odd spellings.
Eg, tion, sion, cion, ing, ed, ly, ive
The ‘sion’ syllable has two pronunciations.
The ‘s’ can be pronounced ‘ʒ’ (eg, confusion) or, if it follows l, n, r, s, it sounds like a ‘sh’ (mansion)
When ‘ss’ comes before ‘ion’, it sounds like ‘sh’ eg, per/miss/ion